Download E-books The Political Psychology of War Rape: Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina (War, Politics and Experience) PDF

By Inger Skjelsbæk

This publication offers a conceptual framework for figuring out struggle rape and its effect, via empirical exam of the case of Bosnia.

Providing a contextual figuring out of sexual violence in conflict, and situating Bosnian conflict rape when it comes to next conflicts, the book offers a methodological define of the way sexual violence in conflict may be studied from a political-psychological perspective. It presents empirical findings from the sphere that exhibit what conflict rape can entail within the aftermath of armed clash for sufferers and their groups.

Through its complete method of Bosnian studies, the amount expands the conceptualization of victimhood and demanding situations the idea that sexual violence is a very tough subject to review as a result of sufferer silence. Rather, the writer demonstrates there are lots of voices which may supply perception and understandings of warfare rape and its impression with no need to compromise the protection and privateness of person sufferers. eventually, the e-book indicates the ways that person reviews of conflict rape are formed via nationwide and overseas discourses on gender, sexuality and politics.

This publication might be of curiosity to scholars of political psychology, battle and clash stories, eu politics, ethnic clash, politics and IR in general.

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Download E-books Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy: Iraq, 9/11, and Misguided Reform PDF

By Paul R. Pillar

A occupation of approximately 3 many years with the CIA and the nationwide Intelligence Council confirmed Paul R. Pillar that intelligence reforms, specifically measures enacted considering the fact that 9-11, could be deeply faulty. they typically leave out the resources that underwrite failed coverage and misperceive our skill to learn outdoors impacts. in addition they misconceive the intelligence-policy dating and advertise adjustments that weaken intelligence-gathering operations.

In this ebook, Pillar confronts the intelligence myths american citizens have come to depend on to give an explanation for nationwide tragedies, together with the idea that intelligence drives significant nationwide protection judgements and will be fastened to prevent destiny mess ups. Pillar believes those assumptions waste serious assets and create damaging rules, diverting realization clear of smarter reform, they usually retain american citizens from spotting the bounds of accessible knowledge.

Pillar revisits U.S. overseas coverage throughout the chilly struggle and highlights the small function intelligence performed in these judgements, and he demonstrates the negligible impact that America's such a lot infamous intelligence mess ups had on U.S. coverage and pursuits. He then reports intimately the occasions of 9-11 and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, condemning the 9-11 fee and the George W. Bush management for his or her portrayals of the position of intelligence. Pillar deals an unique method of higher informing U.S. coverage, which includes insulating intelligence administration from politicization and lowering the politically appointed layer within the government department to strive against slanted perceptions of international threats. Pillar concludes with rules for adapting international coverage to inevitable uncertainties.

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Download E-books #Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media PDF

By Cass R. Sunstein

From the New York Times bestselling writer of Nudge and The international in response to famous person Wars, a revealing account of ways contemporary net threatens democracy--and what should be performed approximately it

As the net grows extra subtle, it's growing new threats to democracy. Social media businesses resembling fb can type us ever extra successfully into teams of the like-minded, growing echo chambers that magnify our perspectives. it truly is no coincidence that on a few events, humans of alternative political beliefs can't even comprehend one another. it is also no shock that terrorist teams were capable of make the most social media to lethal effect.

Welcome to the age of #Republic.

In this revealing publication, Cass Sunstein, the New York Times bestselling writer of Nudge and The international in response to superstar Wars, exhibits how modern-day web is riding political fragmentation, polarization, or even extremism--and what should be performed approximately it.

Thoroughly rethinking the serious dating among democracy and the web, Sunstein describes how the web global creates "cybercascades," exploits "confirmation bias," and assists "polarization entrepreneurs." And he explains why on-line fragmentation endangers the shared conversations, studies, and understandings which are the lifeblood of democracy.

In reaction, Sunstein proposes functional and criminal adjustments to make the web friendlier to democratic deliberation. those adjustments might get us out of our details cocoons by way of expanding the frequency of unchosen, unplanned encounters and exposing us to humans, areas, issues, and concepts that we'd by no means have picked for our Twitter feed.

#Republic don't need to be an ironic time period. As Sunstein exhibits, it may be a rallying cry for the type of democracy that voters of various societies so much need.

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Download E-books The Future of War: Organizations as Weapons (Issues in Twenty-First Century Warfare) PDF

Many analysts have heralded the U.S. military’s Revolution in army Affairs (RMA), a qualitative development in operational ideas and guns that transforms the character and personality of war. targeting army expertise, such a lot argue that the hot sensor, surveillance, communications, and computational applied sciences will bring in a interval within which U.S. army functions will a ways exceed these of capability opponents. advancements in such fields as nanotechnology, robotics, and genetic engineering will drastically impact new guns designs of the twenty-first century.

These discussions approximately army revolutions, in spite of the fact that, too usually forget about or in simple terms pay lip provider to the function of army association in enhancing wrestle potential. They downplay the connection among organizational constitution and results, the problems of coordinating huge firms composed of many folks and places of work having really good roles, and the demanding situations of calculation, realization, and reminiscence that face members making judgements with insufficient or ambiguous details less than brief closing dates or annoying occasions.

Mark D. Mandeles argues that the most important to destiny strive against effectiveness isn't in buying new applied sciences yet really within the security Department’s institutional and organizational constitution and its influence upon incentives to invent, to innovate, and to behavior operations successfully. Doing so calls for the army institution to withstand incentives to replacement non permanent technological profits for long term operational benefits and to take care of incentives for potent long term innovation.

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Download E-books Topologies of Power: Beyond territory and networks (CRESC) PDF

Topologies of Power quantities to an intensive departure within the means that strength and house were understood. It calls into query the very concept that energy is just prolonged throughout a given territory or community, and argues that strength at the present time has a brand new came upon ‘reach’. Topological shifts have subtly altered the achieve of strength, allowing governments, enterprises and NGOs alike to sign up their presence via quieter, much less brash kinds of strength than domination or overt keep watch over. In a global within which proximity and distance more and more play throughout each other, topology bargains an perception into how strength continues to be non-stop less than transformation: an identical yet varied in its skill to form peoples’ lives.

Drawing upon a number of political, financial and cultural illustrations, the publication units out a transparent and obtainable account of the topological workings of strength within the modern second. it is going to be precious for either scholars and lecturers in human geography, politics, sociology, and cultural studies.

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Download E-books Meanings of Violence in Contemporary Latin America PDF

This quantity comprises contributions of students from a variety of fields - the social sciences, journalism, the arts and the humanities - whose paintings bargains insightful and cutting edge how you can comprehend the devastating and remarkable types of violence at present skilled in Latin the United States. As an interdisciplinary activity, it bargains an array of views that give a contribution to ongoing debates within the examine of violence within the quarter.

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Download E-books Living in Limbo: Conflict-Induced Displacement in Europe and Central Asia PDF

By Steven B. Holtzman

The conflicts of the Nineties in Europe and the previous Soviet Union left of their wake approximately 10 million refugees and internally displaced individuals. Even the place peace treaties or ceasefires have introduced an finish to open clash, approximately half these initially displaced stay, a decade later, in an doubtful prestige, with out rapid danger of returning home.

Long-term, conflict-induced displacement has created either conceptual and operational demanding situations for improvement corporations focused on poverty aid. 'Living in Limbo' analyzes the targeted nature of displacement-induced vulnerability alongside numerous dimensions, together with fabric overall healthiness, employment, safeguard, and human and social capital. The examine attracts at the authors' box paintings in addition to huge assessment surveys, reviews, and poverty exams in thirteen countries.

A designated research of the motives and features of displaced vulnerability, 'Living in Limbo' offers pragmatic operational options for policymakers and practitioners in either improvement and humanitarian corporations.

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Download E-books Reconstruction Under Fire: Unifying Civil and Military Counterinsurgency (Rand Corporation Monograph) PDF

By David C. Gombert, Michelle Parker, Kimberly Colloton

A RAND staff with mixed safety and improvement services got down to learn the way civilian counterinsurgency (civil COIN) (essential human prone, political reform, actual reconstruction, fiscal improvement, and indigenous capacity-building) might be carried out extra accurately within the face of lively insurgency, whilst it may well do the main sturdy. the following, they make ideas for making improvements to the safety of civil COIN below fireplace.

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Download E-books Menace to Society: Political-Criminal Collaboration Around the World PDF

By Roy Godson

One of the extra risky modern threats to the standard of lifestyles is the collaboration of the political institution with the felony underworld--the political-criminal nexus (PCN). This energetic partnership more and more undermines the guideline of legislation, human rights, and monetary improvement in lots of elements of the world.

States in transition are specially in danger. regardless of the importance of the probability, there's little figuring out of the safety threats through the PCNs and the way and why political-criminal relationships are shaped and maintained. Menace to Society is the 1st try and strengthen an analytical framework for making generalizations approximately this modern scourge.

Case experiences of Colombia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Italy, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia and Ukraine, and the U.S. through prime students and practitioners integrated the following resolution such key questions as: How do PCNs get proven? How is a PCN maintained, and destroyed? What do the members wish from one another in a PCN? What could be realized from those that have effectively countered the PCN?

The findings point out that political, monetary, and cultural elements play an important position within the formation and evolution of PCNs. while the associations of the country are vulnerable, as in Nigeria and Colombia, it really is tricky for the kingdom to avoid political-criminal collaboration. an absence of exams and balances, both from civil society or competition political events reminiscent of defined within the circumstances of Mexico and Russia, is a key issue. Cultural styles are inclined to facilitate this sort of collaboration. Markets and economics, too, endure at the PCN factor. the provision and insist for unlawful items and providers, not just medicinal drugs, in lots of nations creates a industry managed by way of criminals who desire political aid to "run" their business.

Menace to Society could be severe analyzing for protection planners, international and armed forces policymakers, and political scientists.

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